HOW TO LOCATE AN IP ADDRESS?
It is also easily possible to geolocate an IP ,
that is to say display on a map the country, region, city and address of the device connected to the Internet.
Be careful, however, locating an IP address is not an exact science: it is thus easy to obtain an IP address that will not correspond to its real geolocation by using for example a proxy. The database that correlates IP to physical address may also be wrong, inaccurate, or out of date. As a result, your location information may turn out to be inaccurate or completely false!
There are of course many websites offering the same functionality as well as command line tools to locate your IP address (but why make it complicated when simplicity is at your fingertips)!
Here is a selection of some quality websites allowing you to find out your public IP address through your internet browser. They will also give you all the additional information, such as the hostname associated with your IP:
WHAT IS A PUBLIC IP ADDRESS?
IP is an abbreviation which stands for Internet Protocol.
A public IP address is the unique address that identifies your computer (or any other medium connected to the Internet network such as a smartphone, a tablet or even a connected object).
It is a bit like the postal address of your home, it allows you to locate your computer or other device connected to the Internet.
Your public IP must be distinguished from your local IP address which is the unique connection address of your computer in your local network (internal local network, located for example at your work or at your home).
Many websites and digital online services use the IP address to geolocate you or even restrict their functionality to certain regions of the world. The online video giant YouTube, for example, uses your IP to determine whether or not you can access certain video content which is reserved for a specific country.
HOW DO I KNOW MY LOCAL IP ADDRESS?
The local IP address is the address of your device in your local network that is different from your public IP.
Right click on the Windows 10 Start menu at the bottom left of the screen then click on Command Prompt (or PowerShell on the most recent versions of Windows 10)
Enter in the command prompt cmd / k ipconfig
In the results display, look for Wireless network card Wireless network connection if you are connected to your local network by WIFI or Ethernet card Local network connection if you are connected via an ethernet cable. Your local IP will be displayed in either IPv4 or IPv6 format.
For other versions of Windows, the process is the same: launch the Windows command prompt then use the Ipconfig utility (https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipconfig) to get your local ip.
Note that you also get the IP of the router / internet box which allows you to connect to the internet which is identified under the term Default gateway.