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Great Information About The Planet Venus

numberonestar Solar System Planets

Venus (Planetary Hot Spot)

Venus
Venus
  • DISTANCE FROM SUN (66,796,638 miles)
  • ONE WAY LIGHT TIME TO THE SUN (5.976290 mins)
  • LENGTH OF YEAR (225 Earth Days)
  • PLANET TYPE – Terrestrial

The Latest: Venus might have had a shallow liquid-water ocean and inhabitable surface temperatures for up to two billion years of its early history, per laptop modeling of the planet’s ancient climate by scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for area Studies (GISS) in ny.

Second planet from the Sun and our nearest planetary neighbor, Venus is analogous in structure and size to Earth, however it’s currently a awfully totally different world. Venus spins slowly within the other way most planets do. Its thick atmosphere traps heat in a very runaway atmospheric phenomenon, creating it the most well liked planet in our star system—with surface temperatures hot enough to soften lead. Glimpses below the clouds reveal volcanoes and misshapen mountains.

Venus is that the second planet from the Sun and our nearest planetary neighbor. Similar in structure and size to Earth, Venus spins slowly within the other way most planets do. Its thick atmosphere traps heat in a very runaway atmospheric phenomenon, creating it the most well liked planet in our system with surface temperatures hot enough to soften lead. Glimpses below the clouds reveal volcanoes and misshapen mountains.

Venus is called for the traditional Roman immortal of affection and wonder, the counterpart to the Greek immortal Cytherea.

Size and Distance

Venus Size And Distance
Venus Size And Distance

With a radius of three,760 miles (6,052 kilometers), Venus is roughly a similar size as Earth — simply slightly smaller.

From a median distance of sixty seven million miles (108 million kilometers), Venus is 0.7 astronomical units off from the sun. One AU (abbreviated as AU), is that the distance from the sun to Earth. It takes daylight half dozen minutes to travel from the sun to Venus.

Orbit and Rotation

Venus Orbit And Rotation
Venus Orbit And Rotation Image Source{2011 Pearson Education, Inc.}

Venus’ rotation and orbit are uncommon in many ways in which. Venus is one in all simply 2 planets that rotate from east to west. solely Venus and Uranus have this “backwards” rotation. It completes one rotation in 243 Earth days — the longest day of any planet in our system, even longer than a full year on Venus. however the sun does not rise and set every “day” on Venus adore it will on most different planets. On Venus, one day-night cycle takes 117 Earth days as a result of Venus rotates within the direction opposite of its orbital revolution round the sun.

Venus makes a whole orbit round the sun (a year in Venusian time) in 225 Earth days or slightly but 2 Venusian day-night cycles. Its orbit round the sun is that the most circular of any planet — nearly an ideal circle. different planet’s orbits ar a lot of elliptical, or oval-shaped.

With Associate in Nursing axial tilt of simply three degrees, Venus spins nearly upright, then doesn’t expertise noticeable seasons.

When the system settled into its current layout concerning four.5 billion years past, Venus shaped once gravity force moving gas and mud along to create the second planet from the Sun. Like its fellow terrestrial planets, Venus encompasses a central core, a rocky mantle and a solid crust.

When the system settled into its current layout concerning four.5 billion years past, Venus shaped once gravity force moving gas and mud in to become the second planet from the sun. Like its fellow terrestrial planets, Venus encompasses a central core, a rocky mantle and a solid crust.

Structure

Inside The Planet Venus Infographic Source{Interior Of Venus Interior Ideas}
Inside The Planet Venus Infographic Source{Interior Of Venus Interior Ideas}

Venus is in some ways like Earth in its structure. it’s Associate in Nursing iron core that’s or so two,000 miles (3,200 kilometers) in radius. higher than that’s a mantle fabricated from hot rock slowly churning attributable to the planet’s interior heat. The surface could be a skinny crust of rock that bulges and moves as Venus’ mantle shifts and creates volcanoes.

From space, Venus is bright white as a result of it’s lined with clouds that mirror and scatter daylight. At the surface, the rocks ar totally different reminder gray, like rocks on Earth, however the thick atmosphere filters the daylight in order that everything would look orange if you were standing on Venus.

Venus has mountains, valleys, and tens of thousands of volcanoes. the very best mountain on Venus, Maxwell Montes, is 20,000 feet high (8.8 kilometers), like the very best mountain on Earth, Mount Everest. The landscape is soiled, and surface temperatures reach a critical 880 degrees Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (471 degrees Celsius).

It is thought that Venus was utterly resurfaced by volcanic activity three hundred to five hundred million years past. Venus has 2 giant highland areas: Mylitta Terra, concerning the scale of Australia, within the north polar region; and Cytherea Terra, concerning the scale of South America, straddling the equator and lengthening for nearly half dozen,000 miles (10,000 kilometers).

Venus is roofed in craters, however none ar smaller than zero.9 to 1.2 miles (1.5 to two kilometers) across. tiny meteoroids assign within the dense atmosphere, thus solely giant meteoroids reach the surface and make impact craters.

Almost all the surface options of Venus ar named for noteworthy Earth ladies — each mythological and real. A crack is called for Sacajawea, the Native yank lady United Nations agency target-hunting Lewis and Clark’s exploration. A deep canon is called for Diana, Roman immortal of the hunt.

Atmosphere

Meridional (North–South) Component Of The Atmospheric Circulation In The Atmosphere Of Venus
Meridional (North–South) Component Of The Atmospheric Circulation In The Atmosphere Of Venus

Venus’ atmosphere consists chiefly of CO2, with clouds of vitriol droplets. The thick atmosphere traps the Sun’s heat, leading to surface temperatures beyond 880 degrees Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit (470 degrees Celsius). The atmosphere has several layers with totally different temperatures. At the amount wherever the clouds ar, concerning thirty miles up from the surface, it’s concerning a similar temperature as on the surface of the world.

As Venus moves forward in its star orbit whereas slowly rotating backwards on its axis, the highest level of clouds zips round the planet each four Earth days, driven by hurricane-force winds traveling at concerning 224 miles (360 kilometers) per hour. region lightning bursts light these quick-moving clouds. Speeds inside the clouds decrease with cloud height, and at the surface ar calculable to be simply a number of miles per hour.

On the bottom, it might seem like a awfully hazy, overcast day on Earth. and therefore the atmosphere is thus significant it might desire you were one mile (1.6 kilometers) deep underwater.

Potential for all times

The Interior Of Venus
The Interior Of Venus

No human has visited Venus, however the artificial satellite that are sent to the surface of Venus don’t last terribly long there. Venus’ high surface temperatures overheat physical science in artificial satellite in a very short time, thus it appears unlikely that someone may survive for long on the Venusian surface.

There is speculation concerning life existing in Venus’ distant past, likewise as questions about the likelihood of life within the high cloud layers of Venus’ atmosphere, wherever the temperatures ar less extreme.

Moons
Venus has no moons.

Rings
Venus has no rings.

Magnetosphere
Even though Venus is analogous in size to the world and encompasses a similarly-sized iron core, Venus’ field is way weaker than the Earth’s attributable to Venus’ slow rotation.

Exploration

The brightest object within the night sky on Earth (besides our moon), Venus has been determined for millennia. And mutually of simply 2 bodies between Earth and therefore the Sun, Venus sporadically passes across the face of the sun—a development referred to as a transit. perceptive transits of Venus has helped astronomers study the close planet and higher perceive the system and our place in it. Transits of Venus occur in trys with quite a century separating every pair, occurring in 1631 and 1639; 1761, 1769; 1874, 1882; and 2004, 2012. consecutive transit is not till Gregorian calendar month 2117. Such long gaps occur between transits as a result of Earth’s and Venus’ orbits round the sun area unit inclined otherwise, thus Venus far more typically passes between Earth and therefore the sun while not crossing the face of the sun from our perspective.

Spacecraft from many nations have visited Venus, together with the Soviet Union’s productive Venera series created the primary landings on the surface of Venus. NASA’s Fernao Magalhaes mission, that studied Venus from 1990 to 1994, used microwave radar to map ninety eight % of the planet’s surface. Currently, Japan’s Akatsuki is finding out Venus from orbit.

Significant Events

*650 BC: Ancient Observers -Mayan astronomers create elaborate observations of Venus, resulting in a extremely correct calendar.
*1610: Phases of Venus -Galileo Galilei documents the phases of Venus within the starry courier.
*1639: First Transit -The first foretold transit of Venus is discovered in England.
*1761-1769: Expeditions -Two European expeditions to observe Venus cross ahead of the sun cause the primary sensible estimate of the sun’s distance from Earth.
*1961: First measuring system -Radar returns from Venus ar accustomed confirm the foremost correct worth (at the time) for the sun’s distance from Earth. (Published in 1962.)
*December fourteen, 1962: First Flyby -NASA’s seafarer a pair of reaches Venus and divulges the planet’s extreme surface temperatures. it’s the primary artificial satellite to remit info from another planet.
*1970-1983: First Landing -The Soviet Union’s Venera series of robotic artificial satellite create many victorious landings on the surface of Venus—sending back the primary information from the surface of another planet the sole footage of the Venusian surface up to now.
*1990-1994: Peering Through the Clouds -NASA’s navigator artificial satellite, in orbit around Venus, uses measuring system to map ninety eight % of the planet’s surface.
*2005-2014: Detailed Study -The European house Agency launches Venus categorical to review the atmosphere and surface. The artificial satellite reached Venus in Gregorian calendar month 2006, and studied the world through 2014.
*2015: Return to Venus -After launching in 2010, Japan’s Akatsuki (“Dawn”) artificial satellite achieves orbit around Venus. this can be Japan’s initial mission to explore Venus.

10 Things to understand regarding Venus

1.EARTH-SIZED -If the sun were as tall as a typical front entrance, the world and Venus would every be regarding the dimensions of a nickel.
2.SECOND ROCK -Venus orbits our Sun, a star. Venus is that the second nighest planet to the sun at a distance of regarding sixty seven million miles (108 million km).
3.A DAY LONGER THAN A YEAR -One day on Venus lasts 243 Earth days as a result of Venus spins backwards, with its sun rising within the west and setting within the east.
4.DIVERSE piece of ground -Venus’ solid surface may be a volcanic landscape lined with in depth plains that includes high volcanic mountains and large ridged plateaus.
5.MOONLESS AND RINGLESS -Venus has no moons and no rings.
6.GREENHOUSE result -The planet’s surface temperature is regarding 900 degrees physicist (465 degrees Celsius)—hot enough to soften lead.
7.WATER ON VENUS -Many scientists believe water once existed on the surface. Future Venus explorers can seek for proof of Associate in Nursing ancient ocean.
8.MANY guests -More than forty artificial satellite have explored Venus. The ‘90s navigator mission mapped the planet’s surface and Akatsuki is presently orbiting Venus.
9.LIFE ON VENUS -Venus’ extreme temperatures Associate in Nursingd acidic clouds build it an unlikely place forever as we all know it.
10.SUPER ROTATING ATMOSPHERE -While the surface rotates slowly, the winds blow at cyclone force, causation clouds fully round the planet each 5 days.

Did You Know?

The Soviet Union’s Venera thirteen survived the extreme heat and crushing pressure of Venus’ surface for quite 2 hours. Engineers from many nations ar presently finding out strategies to increase the lifetime of robotic ballistic capsule within the extreme atmosphere.

Pop Culture

Named once the divinity of affection and sweetness, Venus has become nearly substitutable with “woman” in in style culture, as documented by the famed relationship guide Men ar from Mars, girls ar from Venus. As a system venue, Venus was a {well-liked|a preferred} destination for early twentieth century fantasy writers; before we knew concerning what lay to a lower place Venus’ mysterious bad weather, writers might speculate a couple of a lot of hospitable planet and its doable inhabitants.

More recently, Venus has been a background for video games like Transhuman house, Battlezone and Destiny. And within the film maker animated film The patrician and therefore the Frog, Ray the firefly falls soft on with Venus, “the Hesperus,” as he has mistaken it for one more firefly.

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